My lesson "P"

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Вопрос English Ответ English
A pair of new gloves were lying on the table. A pair of shoes was on display in the window.
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A pair of things are two things of the same size and shape that are used together, such as shoes. You can use a singular or a plural verb with this meaning.
a pair of
She put on a pair of glasses. Lying on the bed was an old pair of trousers.
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You also use a pair of to talk about something with two main parts of the same size and shape, such as trousers, glasses, or scissors. You use a singular form of a verb with this meaning.
There are a couple of police officers outside. On the table were a couple of newspapers.
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You can say that two people or things are a couple of people or things. This is slightly informal. You use a plural form of a verb with a couple of.
a couple of
The couple have two children.
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You say that two people are a couple when they are married or are in a romantic relationship. You usually use a plural form of a verb with couple.
The students will all be given pencils and paper.
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Paper is the material that you write things on or wrap things in.
He wrote his name at the top of a blank sheet of paper. Rob picked up the piece of paper and gave it to her.
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In this meaning, paper is an uncountable noun. For one piece, say a piece of paper, or if it is a whole piece you can also say a sheet of paper.
I read about his death in the papers. The Daily News is the country's largest daily paper.
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Newspapers are often called papers.
Oh, I beg your pardon -I didn't realise you were sitting there.
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You can apologize to someone by saying I beg your pardon.
pardon: to apologize
How old is she? -Pardon? -I said how old is she?
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In British English, you can say Pardon? when you did not hear what someone said and you want them to say it again.
pardon: when you have not heard
In the past, most babies with the disease died.
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The past is the time before the present.
The past
It's ten past eleven.
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In British English, when you are telling the time, you use past to say how many minutes it is after a particular hour.
past: telling the time
It's ten after eleven.
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American speakers usually say after.
He walked past Lock's hat shop. People ran past laughing.
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Past is also used as a preposition or adverb to say that someone goes from one side of something to the other.
past: going near something
As she passed the library door, the telephone began to ring.
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Don't use past as the past tense form or past participle of the verb pass. The word you use is passed.
Willie paid for the drinks.
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If you pay for something, you give someone money for something you are buying.
pay: the past tense form and past participle of pay is paid. You must use for after pay in sentences like these.
I'll buy you lunch.
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If you pay for a meal or a drink for someone else, don't say that you pay them the meal or the drink. Say that you buy them the, eal or the drink.
There were 120 people at the lecture. Hundreds of people were killed in the fire.
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People is used to talk about a group of men, women and children.
people: people is a plural noun. You use a plural form of a verb after it.
There was far too much meat for one person.
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Person is a countable noun. A person is a man, woman, or child.
This is an additional payment for persons responsible for a child.
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The usual plural of person is people. Persons is used only in formal or official situations.
I went back to the hotel to phone Jenny
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When you phone someone, you dial their phone number and speak to them by phone.
He phoned the police station.
Don't use to after phone.
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You can also phone a place.
Richmond is a beautiful place. Keep your dog on a lead in public places.
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A place is a particular building, room, town, or area.
place used in descriptions
I decided to try Newmarket. I soon found a job there.
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Don't use that place to talk about somewhere that has just been mentioned. You say I drove my car into a field and left it there.
There's not enough room in the bathroom for both of us.
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Don't use place to talk about space for someone or something to fit into. You use room instead.
The kids played on the swings.
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When children play, they spend time using their toys or taking part in games.
play: children's games
Ray and I play tennis three times a week. Do you play chess?
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If you play a sport or game, you take part in it regularly.
play: sports and games
She played her CDs too loudly.
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If you play something like a CD, DVD or video, you use a piece of equipment to listen to it or watch it.
play: CDs and DVDs
Nina was playing the piano when I arrived. Can you play the guitar?
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If you play a musical instrument, you produce music from it, or you are able to produce music from it.
play: musical instruments
From a medical point of view he did everything wrong.
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When you are thinking about one part of a situation, you can say that you are thinking about it from a particular point of view.
point of view
We understand your point of view. I tried to see things from Frank's point of view.
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A person's point of view is the way they feel about something that affects them.
The police's view is that it was an accident. If you want my honest opinion, I don't think it will work.
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Don't call what someone thinks or believes about a particular matter their point of view. Use view or opinion.
view and opinion
He always asked for her opinions on his work. She has strong views about politics.
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You talk about someone's opinions or views on or about a matter.
He's not being very helpful, in my opinion. In his view, this proposal would be unsuccessful.
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You can use phrases such as in my opinion or in his view to show that something is someone's belief, and is not necessarily a fact.
He called the police.
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The police are the official organization responsible for making sure that people obey the law.
The police were called to the scene of the crime.
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Police is a plural noun. You use a plural form of a verb after it.
He has been a police officer for six years.
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A single member of the police is called a police officer, a police man, or a police woman.
She is well qualified for the post.
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In formal English, someone's regular job is called their position or post. When a job is advertised, it is often described as a position or post.
position and post
He's afraid of losing his job.
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In conversation, you use job.
If it is possible to find out where your brother is, we will.
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Possible is an adjective. If something is possible, it can be done.
Please make your decision as soon as possible. I like to know as much as possible about my patients.
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Possible is often used in expressions such as as soon as possible and as much as possible.
It is possible that he said these things.
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You also use possible to say that something may be true or correct.
We are looking for a new office, possibly in California.
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Possibly is an adverb. You use possibly to show that you are not sure about something.
Could you possibly check if Mr Dayton has arrived?
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You also use could you possibly to ask someone to do something in a very polite way.
... the price of sugar. The cost of petrol has gone up.
Don't use any preposition except of after price or cost in sentences like these.
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The price or cost of something is the amount of money you must pay to buy it.
price and cost
We need to cut costs.
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The plural noun costs is used to talk about the total amount of money that you need to do something such as run a business
The dress costs $200.
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You use cost to talk about the amount of money that you must pay for something.
cost used as a verb
The holiday cost me $800.
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To say how much someone paid for something, you use cost followed by the name of the person, followed by the amount of money.
The past tense form and participle of cost is cost.
The distance to work is a problem for me. They have financial problems.
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A problem is a difficult situation.
problem: a difficult situation
They are having problems sending emails.
Don't say that someone has problems to do something.
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You can say that you have problems doing something.
That is the reason why I find her books boring.
The reason why he couldn't come is that he is ill.
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Don't use problem with why when you are explaining the reason something has happened.
He was Professor of English at Strathclyde University.
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In a British university, a professor is the most senior teacher in a department.
professor. In an American or Canadian university or colledge, a professor is a senior teacher, but not necessarily the most senior teacher in a department.
I'm a qualified French teacher.
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Don't use professor to talk about a person who teaches at a school. The word you use is teacher.
Have you been to a proper doctor?
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You use proper in front of a noun to show that someone or something really is something.
proper used to mean "real"
What's the proper word for those things?
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You also use proper in front of a noun to say that something is correct or suitable.
proper used to mean "correct". suitable: adequado, apropriado.
I want to have my own business.
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Don't use proper to mean that something belongs to someone. The word you use is own.
He was able to prove that he was an American.
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If you prove that something is true, you give evidence that shows that it is true.
I will test you on your knowledge of French. The drug was tested on mice.
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When you do something to find out how good or bad someone or something is, don't say that you prove the person or thing. Say that you test them.

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